Hair transplants a type of surgery that moves hair you already have to fill an area with thin or no hair. For many people, a hair transplant can help bring back what looks like a full, or at least a fuller, head of hair.
Keywords: hair transplant, follicles, hair-loss, bald, graft
Hair transplantation is a surgical technique in which the roots of the hair are removed from the donor area to the hair-loss or hair-free area. This method is used more often to treat male hair loss. Genetically resistant roots are removed to the bald area. In addition, the method is used to repair eyebrows, eyelashes, scalp, pubic hair and genital area and to cover the site of accidental or surgical wounds remaining from skin pulling and previous hair transplantation. Hair transplantation is different from skin grafting.
Every hair follicle grows 1 to 4 strands of hair. Today, the most advanced hair transplants transmit intact hair follicles. As a result, the hair has a more natural appearance. This is called Follicular Unit Transplantation or FUT in short. Donation hair is collected in two completely different ways. This is extremely specialized work and only dermatologists are allowed to do it.
In a hair transplant depending on the type of transplantation, one’s hair is removed from the back of the head or an area of the body and then separated using a microscope and special loops, and the follicles are cut off individually and transplanted into the recipient area by making cuts of about one millimeter. And also the body does not react to these hairs and in fact, this is why natural hair transplant is beneficial. Given that a transplanted organ comes from the body itself, it does not require medical treatments. If the doctor is fully experienced, the hair will be removed so delicately that only a very fine line will remain. Keep in mind, however, that when the hair is transplanted, it will shed after 4 to 6 months and then the hair will grow back, so you should not worry as hair-loss is normal after transplanting.
These days, FUT and FIT are the most common hair transplantation techniques that you can choose the most appropriate by consulting your doctor. Hair follicles will be transplanted individually and in their natural way, so the transplanted hair will grow just like natural hair.
The most common successful hair transplant procedures include:
The hair is cut in batches and implanted in the place where it is needed by making holes in the scalp. Nowadays, this method is of little use due to the artificial look it creates.
Hair removal is done from a small strip of back area of the head, usually under local anesthesia, containing 1,500 to 2,500 grafts which contain 7,000 to 9,000 hair strands and then the site of surgery is repaired and because the hair removal line is in the hair growth path, usually the repaired site cannot be seen. Then, under the microscope, the hair follicle grafts are surgically separated into single, double or triple units ready for implantation. The head is not shaved, only the area needed for harvesting and trimming is shortened, and then the individual and very neatly prepared follicles are implanted according to a predetermined design. Another feature of this procedure is its duration which is between three to five hours. Currently, FUT is the most reliable and definitive method of hair transplants in the world and up to 97% of users have achieved the desired result.
When a bald person has a good hair bank, the FIT method may be suggested in which there is no more cutting and stitching. The applicant does not need to be hospitalized, only local anesthesia and complete disinfection of hair follicles with special tools are needed. Finally, the follicles are implanted in the bald spot. You may have heard more about the transfer of body hair to the bald area of the head. The FIT method is the one that allows us to do this if the patient does not have a good hair bank and it should also be said that by removing hair from the back of the head, the hair removal site will be invisible and the transplant site will be perfectly normal and the patient does not need to be recovered after hair transplant.
You need 3 to 5 days of rest after your hair transplant, it is true that the day after surgery you can do your daily routine but do not forget that natural hair transplantation takes 4-8 hours.
This is an off-the-cuff operation but doesn’t forget that having a partner is always a good option so that you won’t be alone after leaving the clinic on the way home.
Wait! Try not to show anyone your head and the place of implantation in the first few days after the operation. The transplanted hair and dried blood may make those around you judge too quickly, resulting in you losing your spirits.
Be careful when you lie down or lay your head on the pillow. On the first day, you should avoid touching the pillow with the transplantation area because the implanted hair follicles may shed.
Contact your doctor as soon as you feel an abnormal hair-loss has begun.
You shouldn’t wash your hair the first few days after surgery. Sometimes, the hair follicles may also be affected by normal contact and touch.
Forget about using your hat too. Wearing it can slow down the healing process or damage the follicles. If you have to wear one, make sure that air can pass and it won’t get too warm under the hat.
Try not to be exposed to direct sunlight for the first few days. Because it damages hair grafts and lengthens the recovery time.
Prevent any perspiration of the head. Under these conditions, sweating can cause infection in your hair transplant. This is very important for athletes or those who live in hot weather conditions. After a specialist doctor has permitted you to use water, be sure to wash your hair with mild soap and water to prevent sweating and infection.
Avoid stress and worry. In the early days after the surgery, because of scars on the head, many people think that they will stay that way for the rest of their lives. But for many people, this is not the case and there will be an improvement.
Give your head a chance to repair yourself and do not rush to judge the results of your hair transplant. Have patience.