What is IVF?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of procedures used to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs (embryos) are transferred to a uterus. One full cycle of IVF takes about three weeks. Sometimes these steps are split into different parts and the process can take longer.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

This 3D medical animation shows the anatomy of the female reproductive system and how fertilization occurs. Next, the animation depicts how the in vitro fertilization procedure is performed.

What are several steps of IVF?

  1. Ovarian stimulation: one to two weeks is needed for ovarian stimulation before eggs retrieval.

  2. Egg retrieval,

  3. Sperm retrieval,

  4. Fertilization

  5. Pre-implantation genetic testing

  6. Embryo transfer: About five to six days after fertilization

Who is a good candidate for IVF?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a treatment for infertility or genetic problems provided that less-invasive treatment options before attempting IVF, including fertility drugs to increase production of eggs or intrauterine insemination have been failed. Other special problems or diseases make couple to do IVF are:

  • Infertility in women over age 40.

  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage. 

  • Ovulation disorders. 

  • Endometriosis. 

  • Uterine fibroids. 

  • Below-average sperm concentration,

  • Weak movement of sperm (poor mobility),

  • Abnormalities in sperm size and shape

  • Unexplained infertility

  • A genetic disorder

  • Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions. 

  • Malfunction uterus

  • Pregnancy poses a serious health risk

How long does IVF cycle take?

One cycle of IVF can take about two to three weeks, and more than one cycle may be required. So, the process takes longer than 1 month. Ignoring the reason of infertility from man or woman, IVF treatment must be performed on both of them.

Before IVF

Before beginning a cycle of IVF using your own eggs and sperm, you and your partner will likely need various screenings, including:

  • Ovarian reserve testing. To determine the quantity and quality of your eggs,

  • Test the concentration of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) such as oestrogen and anti-mullerian

  • Semen analysis. 

  • Infectious disease screening including HIV.

  • Practice (mock) embryo transfer

  • Sonohysterography

Each test must be performed exactly according to the instruction of the doctors in the right time during or after menstruation to increase the success rate of IVF.

After the procedure

After the embryo transfer, you can resume normal daily activities. Consider avoiding vigorous activity, which could cause discomfort. Passing a small amount of clear or bloody fluid shortly after the procedure, breast tenderness and feeling tolerable pain are normal. But if you experience moderate or severe pain inform the doctors to prevent side effects such as infection, twisting of an ovary (ovarian torsion) and severe ovarian Hyperstimulation syndrome.

About 12 days to two weeks after egg retrieval, your doctor will test a sample of your blood to detect whether you’re pregnant. If the result is negative, you have to go through another IVF cycle treatment or using other methods such as HCG injection as your doctor suggests.

Why Iran?

Iran is one of the first countries that established infertility treatment center in the city of Yazd by 1990. Then, Royan Infertility Treatment Center was launched in 1992 to research and develop about IVF and it was the first center of infertility in Iran which help parents to born their children by IVF methods.

The long history of Iran in IVF treatment attracts foreign parents to travel to our country and visit our infertility centers. Researches revealed that about 10% of total patients referring to Iran’s infertility treatment centers are from overseas countries. According to the performed survey the main reasons of traveling to Iran for IVF treatments are:

  • Using the most recent technologies and modern equipment in our infertility treatment center.

All equipment provided in the infertility centers of Iran which are more than 100 all over the country, using the most recent methods with the developed technology to increase the success rate of IVF.

  • Knowledge and specialty of our doctors and surgeons

Specialists and surgeon in Iran use the highest medical standards and up to date methods of the best clinics all over the world to increase the chance of pregnancy.

  • Low cost of accommodation and food

IVF treatment is a long term method which last more than 6 weeks to complete. Sometimes, parents have to perform 2 or 3 cycles of IVF and stay in our country more than 2 months. With regard to this fact that parents must be treated together, one of the most important reasons for choosing Iran for IVF treatment is the low cost of accommodation and food.

  • Low cost of IVF treatment

All professional specialists in Iran perform IVF treatment with the high quality and advanced methods with the lowest price to help parents have more hope for having a child. Despite all developed facilities provided in our infertility centers, the cost of IVF in Iran is one third of European countries.

Silk Road Company is providing best services for the parents hope to have a child by IVF treatment in Iran. Our package for this special patients include offering the best infertility centers of Iran, getting medical visa, airport transfer, transfer to hospital and other medical centers, booking low cost hotels with the best facilities and taking tickets.



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The Silk Road Healthcare Company started its official activity in 2014 with the approval of the Ministry of Health and Tourism Organization of Iran in the field of Medical Tourism.
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