Knee replacement surgery also known as knee arthroplasty can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. The procedure involves cutting away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap and replacing it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers.
This video presents detail, comprehensive steps of a Total Knee Replacement surgery.
There are three main categories for total knee arthroplasty:
1. Osteoarthritis: This arthritis occurs as a result of aging, usually among people aged 50 or more.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: This arthritis occurs by damaging the cartilage and causing severe pain.
3. Post-traumatic arthritis: Serious knee damage effects on the functionality of the knee.
An orthopedic surgeon assesses your knee’s range of motion, stability, and strength. X-rays help determine the extent of the damage. If you are suffering from a type of arthritis described above, you need a total knee joint surgery. Knee stiffness and pain are the main reasons for this particular knee treatment.
Knee replacement surgery requires general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia, so you are instructed not to eat anything after midnight on the day of your surgery.
You’ll be given an intravenous antibiotic before, during and after the procedure to help prevent post-surgical infection.
You might also be given a nerve block around your knee to numb it. The numbness wears off gradually after the procedure.
After the procedure, you’ll be taken to a recovery room for one to two hours. You’ll then be moved to your hospital room, where you’ll likely stay for a couple of days. Medications prescribed by your doctor should help control pain.
During the hospital stay, you’ll be encouraged to move your foot and ankle, which increases blood flow to your leg muscles and helps prevent swelling and blood clots. You’ll likely receive blood thinners and wear support hose or compression boots to further protect against swelling and clotting.
The day after surgery, a physical therapist will show you how to exercise your new knee. After you leave the hospital, you’ll continue physical therapy at home or a center. Most knee replacements can be expected to last more than 15 years.
Most patients can care for themselves and resume normal daily activities within 6 weeks. It may take 4 to 6 months or up to an entire year to fully recover and realize the total benefits of knee replacement surgery.
Knee surgeries are among the most popular and in-demand orthopedic procedures performed in Iran. More than 10,000 knee arthroplasties with a high success rate are performed annually in our country at the best hospitals with the most recent technologies.
Iran has always been a quite popular destination for performing Orthopaedic treatments especially patients from the Middle East due to the high percentage of success and safety in our country.
In Iran, the demand for knee replacement has been on the rise in recent decades. In light of this, and with the affordable pricing, more patients travel to Iran to get their knee reconstruction surgery done here.
Having a high success rate of surgery in Iran relies on the knowledge and proficiency of our surgeons.
More than 100 Iranian surgeons have passed orthopedic residency (a four-year program) and then attended postgraduate courses in top medical universities. Many orthopedic specialists in Iran have also furthered their education in Europe and North America for sub-specialization in the hand, spine, knee, and shoulder surgeries. Furthermore, with the great number of orthopedic surgeries carried out annually, Iranian surgeons can compete with those in the best countries in terms of quality and efficacy of surgeries.
The cost of a total knee replacement depends on hospital stay and physical therapy in the hospital and recovery time, anesthesia type and surgeon fee. where you’re having the procedure and your health at the time of the replacement. If you have other conditions that are not related to your knees, they may affect the procedure and cost as well.
The average hospital charge for a total knee replacement (TKR) in the United States is $40,000. However, the average cost of knee replacement surgery in Canada is about $12,000 which is almost near the cheap counties such as India, Cost Arica or Mexico.
Although, the same procedure would cost less than 6,000$ in some neighbors such as Turkey, however exactly like other orthopedic surgeries by considering all of the related costs, such as your hospital stay and physical therapy in the hospital and during your recovery at home is significantly lower than any other countries.
According to the last inquiries from modern hospitals such as Moheb Mehr, Pastorino, Bentolhoda and etc., a total knee replacement in Iran costs from $1,700 to $2,800 which is really lower than all other countries offering this kind of surgeries.